Refrigerant is a chemical composite that comes in many forms including liquid or gas. It is vastly used as a refrigerant by HVAC repair professional and in the making of lubricants and aerosol propellants. Common liquid or gaseous variants used by manufacturers include Refrigerant 22, Refrigerant 12, and Refrigerant 11 all of which are non-flammable and colorless. Despite its usefulness, refrigerant leaks can harm your health thanks to its chemical compounds including fluorine, chlorine, and chlorofluorocarbons.

Human Health and Refrigerant

Exposure to refrigerant in the home can create health problems like an irregular heartbeat in folks with heart issues, loss of concentration, skin rashes, and dizziness. The good news is refrigerant doesn’t create long-term health issues because it’s not a known mutagen or carcinogen. Nonetheless, it is suggested to seek medical help if you have proof of exposure to refrigerant.

Refrigerant Exposure on Pets and Children

Compared to adults, pets and kids have a greater chance of refrigerant exposure. This is vastly due to the nature of refrigerant itself and the habits of pets and kids. Refrigerant is four times heavier than air. This means it’s likely to hug the ground where animals and kids spend lots of time playing. They will probably inhale refrigerant if there is a leak. The rule is if you have suspicions of a refrigerant leak, you need to increase ventilation by opening all windows and doors. Also, make everyone in your house including pets and kids, go outside. It is smart to hire a qualified heating and cooling technician to assess and fix the issue.

Rochester NY HVAC Refrigerant Leaks Can Harm Your Health

Repairing a leak

Environmental Impact of Refrigerant Exposure

Refrigerant hurts the environment in many ways. To begin, it diminishes the ozone layer. A broken ozone layer is not good news since it lets more ultraviolet radiation get to the earth’s surface where it can create health issues for people with skin cancer. Some folks attempt to smuggle refrigerant into the states although it is illegal.


Exposure to refrigerant can create temporary health problems such as irregular heartbeats, skin rashes, and dizziness. Besides, it hurts the earth via ozone layer depletion. For more information, contact a Rochester heating and cooling business.